Once Lord Surya installed a Shiv Ling known as Gabhasteeshwar and a devi idol known as Mangala Gauri at Panchanada Teerth (Panchganga Ghat) and started immensely praying to  Lord Shiva.  (Importance of Panchganga Ghat is described under River Ganga and Teerths Categories).

The intensity of Lord Surya’s prayers started reflecting in the extreme heat generated thereby.  Sunrays started getting warmer and warmer. Finally it became extremely unbearable for all living beings and all physical activities practically came to a standstill.

Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvaty came to know about this and they appeared in person in front of Lord Surya.  Lord Shiva gently touched Lord Surya, whereupon the latter’s extreme heat slowly subsided and he became more or less cool. Lord Surya opened his eyes and started singing praises of Goddess Parvaty and Lord Shiva whereupon both of them became extremely happy.  They granted several divine wishes to Lord Surya.

Mayukh Aditya

Mayukh Aditya


Lord Shiva told Lord Surya that when the latter was performing pooja of the former, only the sunrays were visible and the body of Lord Surya was not visible.  Accordingly, Lord Surya will be called Mayukh Aditya.  Mayukh means effulgence. Lord Shiva also stated that a devotee who worships Mayukh Aditya on Sundays will never fall ill. (Kashi Khand, Chapter 49).


Mayukh Aditya is located at No. K-24/34, Mangala Gauri Temple, Panchganga Ghat.  Devotees can travel upto Bhaironath (Kaal Bhairav) by rickshaw and walk on foot upto this temple through labyrinthine lanes. This walk usually takes about twenty to thirty minutes.   Alternatively, they can take a boat ride upto Balaji Ghat/Panchganga Ghat and walk up the stairs.

The idol of Mayukh Aditya always remains moist and cool. If we physically remove the moisture and make it dry, the idol will again become moist.  The reason for this is Lord Shiva touched Lord Surya to reduce his intense heat (as mentioned above).  Old timers in and around the temple believe that the hidden river Dhootpapa is flowing beneath the surface, causing this moistness.

The temple also houses Gabhastheeshwar, Mangala Gauri and Mangal Vinayak. In the close vicinity are temples of Brahmacharini and Brahmeshwar.  


The temple is open from 05.00 a.m. to 01.00 p.m. and from 03.00 p.m. to 10 p.m.  Aarties are performed in the evening.  For doing any special pooja etc., it is advisable to contact the Poojari.


Shri Manoj Kumar Pandey is the chief priest and his cell number is (0)9305645502.  Other priest is Shri Umesh Kumar Sharma whose cell number is (0)9450284728.

Temple Details
  • A. Introduction
  • About Kashi Khand
  • Temples worshipped as Jyotirlings in Kashi
  • Kashi Yatra performed by South Indians
  • Importance of immersion of mortal remains (Asthi) in Ganga